"Gwa m anụmanụ niile na -abata gị n'uche n'ime nkeji". Nke a bụ nnyefe nnwale nke Ịgba were were, dị na batrị dị iche iche maka afọ mmepe na okenye (BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II ịkpọ aha ole na ole). Nnwale ahụ na -adị ngwa inye (otu nkeji kwa otu) yana, ikekwe maka nke a, ejiri ya mee ihe na nyocha neuropsychological. Ma gịnị kpọmkwem ka ọ na -atụ?

N'ezie iji wee mee nnwale were were were were were, ọ dị mkpa ịnwe nke ọma nkwakọba lexical na semantic site na ya ị nweta okwu ziri ezi. Ụlọ nkwakọba ihe naanị, n'ezie, ezughị. Na ya anyị ga -agbakwunye ohere nke nweta ya na -adị mfe

Ihe ọzọ dị mkpa bụ nke atụmatụ nke a ga -ebinye: enwere ndị na -achọpụta otu ahụhụ (ịmaatụ: “ofufe”), na -aga n'ihu na ihe ndị nọ n'otu klaasị ("wasp", "hornet", "bee") tupu ha apụọ gawa na nke ọzọ. nke anụmanụ nwere njirimara yiri ya ("parrot", "nduru", "ugo"); enwere, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ndị na -ahọrọ iji atụmatụ ụda ("nkịta", "canary", "hummingbird", "cormorant", "agụ iyi").


Ọ dịkwa mkpa ka ị nọrọ ncheta azịza ndị enyegoro ka ị zere ikwughachi ya.

N'ikpeazụ, ebe ọ bụ na nnwale na -aga were were na -emetụtakarị usoro ọmụmụ abụọ (dịka ọmụmaatụ, "Nri" na "anụmanụ") na ụdị ụda olu abụọ (dịka ọmụmaatụ, "Okwu na -amalite site na S" na "Okwu ndị na -amalite site na F") ọ dị mkpa inwe zuru ezu. onyinye nke mgbanwe ka ị ghara ịrapara n'otu obere otu otu (dịka ọmụmaatụ, enweghị ike ikwu ihe ọ bụla ọzọ karịa ụmụ ahụhụ maka ụdị "Anụmanụ") ma ọ bụ site na otu ule gaa na nke ọzọ (ọ na -eme, dịka ọmụmaatụ, nke ahụ ụfọdụ ụmụaka na ndị okenye, n'ule "Gwa m okwu niile bidoro na S" na -ekwu naanị anụmanụ dị ka "agwọ", "Scorpio" na ndị ọzọ).

Site n'echiche a, ọ bụ nnwale “ruru unyi” nke ukwuu nke anaghị atụle otu ọrụ, mana ọ na -emetụta arụmọrụ (ma ọ bụ enweghị ike) nke ọtụtụ ọrụ. Ụfọdụ ọmụmụ, gụnyere nke Ịtali site n'aka Reverberi na ndị ọrụ ibe [1], anwapụtala ịchọpụta ihe ndị dị n'ime ule nnwale nke ọma na ụzọ nke ndị a nwere ike isi gosipụta onwe ha n'ụdị nsogbu dị iche iche (site na Ọrịa Alzheimer na ụdị dị iche iche nke Aphasia na -aga n'ihu Primary).

Ya mere, gịnị kpatara iji ya? Nke mbu n'ihi na, na okenye, ọrịa dị iche iche na-emebi emebi nwere ike gosipụta onwe ha na mbụ site na mbelata ụlọ nkwakọba ihe-semantic na / ma ọ bụ ohere nnweta. Ya mere anyị nwere ule a ga -eme n'oge dị mkpirikpi nke nwere ike nye anyị ozi izizi maka ọnọdụ ahụike nke ngwa asụsụ a. Ọzọkwa, maka onye okenye, e mepụtala ule ndị dị mgbagwoju anya, ọkachasị egosi maka ndị nwere agụmakwụkwọ ka elu, dị ka mgbanwe Costa na ndị ọrụ ibe ya [2]. Ọzọkwa, ọ bụ ezie na ọ na -esiri ike ịchọpụta saịtị ọnya na -amalite site na nnwale a, anyị maara na n'ozuzu ihe isi ike dị n'ịgba ụda okwu ụda na -emetụtakarị mmebi ihu, ebe ọnụ ọgụgụ ole na ole maka mmegharị nke okwu mmegharị na -emetụta mmebi nke metụtara lobe oge [3].

Bibliography

[1] Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. Semantic ịga were were: ntọala ọgụgụ isi na arụmọrụ nchọpụta na dementias lekwasịrị anya na ọrịa Alzheimer. Cortex. 2014 Mee; 54: 150-64. ma ọ bụ: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. Standardization na usoro iwu nke enwetara na ọnụ ọgụgụ ndị Italiantali maka ngwa ịsụ ngwanrọ ọhụrụ, ule ekwentị / semantic ọzọ na -aga were were. Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar; 35 (3): 365-72. doi: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] Henry, JD, & Crawford, JR (2004). Ntụle Meta-Nnyocha nke Ịrụ Ọrụ Na-aga were were n'Ọnụ na-eso ọnya ọnya ọnya. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284-295.

Bido dee ma pịa Tinye ka ịchọọ

njehie: Ọdịnaya a na-echebe !!
nwee oghere aphasianyocha okwu