A na-echekarị asụsụ dị ka ngalaba nke usoro ịmara nke ọma. N'otu oge enwere mmasị na nghọta mmekọrịta siri ike n'etiti attenzione na asusu n'etiti aphasia.

Ihe akaebe ụfọdụ yiri ka ọ na-egosi na nlebara anya isi ike juru ebe nile (lee lee a isiokwu banyere okwu a) na ndi ozo gosiputara uzo, oge obula, enwere mgbanwe na nkwukọrịta na asụsụ asụsụ n'ime ndị nwere adịghị ike ndị a[2].

Ke adianade do, nsogbu ndị a lebara anya ugbu a na-emetụta nsonaazụ nwughari asụsụ[3][5]. Researchersfọdụ ndị nyocha[7] kama ha mere ka ọ pụta ìhè ihe isi ike na ndi mmadu aphasia n’inwe nlebara anya mgbe niile n’oge; mgbanwe a ga - egosipụta onwe ya ntị mgbanwe ma ka ị na-arụ ọrụ na n'etiti ọrụ.

Nyere ulo ndia, otutu ndi oka mmutaputala nyocha[6] ya na ebum n’obi iji nyochaa n'ụzọ nyocha karịa mmekọrịta dị n'etiti mgbanwe nlebara anya na ndị ọrịa aphasic na nsogbu okwu ha. Atụmanya nke ndị nyocha ahụ bụ ịchọta nsonaazụ ndị a:

  • mgbanwe a na-enwekwu ntị na isiokwu nke aphasia ma e jiri ya tụnyere nke ọma
  • mmekọrịta dị n'etiti mgbanwe ndị dị otú a na nkà asụsụ (olu okwu, lexical na Semantic)
  • enwere ike ịkọ amụma arụmọrụ site na mgbanwe asụsụ (site na reghausa)

Nnyocha ahụ

A họọrọ usoro nlele abụọ nke isiokwu, otu nwere mmadụ 24 nwere ahụike na ihe ọzọ mejupụtara mmadụ iri abụọ na abụọ na-arịa ọria nke na-esite na ọnya oge.

Ndi nile edobewo nyocha nke akụkụ dị iche iche nke asụsụ (olu okwu, lexical na Semantic akụkụ) ea ntule nke ihe di nkpa nke nlebara anya site na nnwale Performance Performance Performance nke abụọ (CPT-II).

Also nwekwara ike inwe mmasị na: Nwa m nwoke anaghị ekwu okwu nke ọma, mana ahụrụ m ka o si eji mbadamba ahụ: ọ nwere ike ịme ihe niile!

Ule ikpeazụ nke a gụnyere na ngosipụta ọtụtụ leta ugboro ugboro na ihuenyo nke isiokwu a ghaghi ịza maka ọsọ ọsọ site na ịpị bọtịnụ, belụsọ mgbe mkpụrụedemede "X" pụtara; nwere uru nke kewara n'ime usoro dị iche iche na ntanetị oge dị iche n'etiti otu ihe mkpali na nke ọzọ ma na-enye ohere ịnweta ọtụtụ ozi, gụnyeremgbanwe mgbanwe, nke ahụ bụ, oge nzaghachi a na-agbanwe, ihe ịrịba ama nke ihe nwere ike isiri ike iji mee ka itinye uche gị mgbe niile.

Nsonaazụ rụpụtara

Ihe omuma ndi enwetara fọrọ nke nta ka ha kwekọọ na atụmanya nke ndị ọrụ nyocha:

  1. E jiri ya tụnyere ndị nwere ahụike, ndị nwere ọrịa aphasia gosiri oge iji nwayọ nwayọ na ndị ọzọ na-agbanwe agbanwe
  2. N'ime ndị nwere aphasia Arụ ọrụ nlebara anya na-arụ ọrụ na-ezighi ezi na ikike ịkpọ oku na lexical (i.e. usikere nlebara anya nke kwekọrọ na asusu ha jọrọ njọ)
  3. Themgbanwe mgbanwe bụ ihe dị mkpa predictor delle usọ, ijikwa ịkọwa 50% nke ọdịiche.

Mkpebi

Nlebara anya ndị mmadụ nwere nsogbu aphasia nwere ikike ịkpọ oku na olu ike. Site na echiche ụlọ ọgwụ, data ndị a kwekọrọ n'echiche nke nlebara anya na-enwe mmetụta na arụmọrụ asụsụ n'asụsụ aphasia.

Nkwado na -agide ma gbadoro anya bụ ihe ndị bụ isi na-elebara anya nke na-emetụta ike ịchekwa itinye ma họrọ otu ebumnuche iji meziwanye nhazi ya; Dika data siri puta na nyocha a ka kwuputara, enweghi nsogbu nlebara anya n’ebe ndi mmadu apuru iru anya ka enwere ike inyocha ya dika site na CPT-II, ebe o n’eme ka ichoputa onodu mgbanwe n’etiti oru.

Mgbanwe ndị a, dị ka ndị dere nyocha a si kọọ[6], ha nwere ike igbochi ikike iweghachite, tugharia na megharia ihe onyonyo omuma na ihe omumu banyere ndi oria aphas, ị ga-eme ka mmebi ahụ dị ugbu a na ngalaba asụsụ.

Also nwekwara ike inwe mmasị na: Dyslexia. Kedu usoro mmụta?

Ebe ọ bụ na ahọpụtara ndị ọrịa aphasic nwere ọrịa oge-parietal na nyocha a, ọ dị mma na a ga-ejikwa nyocha dịka nke a na ndị ọrịa dị iche iche, iji nyochaa etu ụdị nlebara anya dị iche iche si emetụta ọdịdị dị iche iche nke aphasia na nye ụdị ụbụrụ dị iche iche.

N'ikpeazụ, Mmetụta mgbanwe arụpụtaghị ihe na nsonaazụ asụsụ nwere ike ịpụta ihe na njikwa onye ọrịa aphasia.. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọchụchọ maka Murray[4] ahụla mmekọrịta dị elu na Ule nke Ntị Kwa .bọchị na usoro nnwere onwe na-ekwurịta okwu. Maka ebumnuche a, nyocha ogologo oge nwere ike ịba uru iji nyochaa nsonaazụ nlebara anya nke ọgwụgwọ anya na nkà asụsụ.

Ngwa anyị na aphasia

Enwere ike iji ngwa anyị niile n'ịntanetị. Iji ngwa ntanetị ọbụna na-anọghị n'ịntanetị na PC gị ma kwado ọrụ anyị ga-ekwe omume download aphasia gaa. Nchịkọta a nwere ngwa-weebụ 5 (Dee okwu ahụ, nghọta Lexical, inggụ aha nke mkpụrụ okwu, Ghọta nkeji okwu na tebụl nke mkpụrụ okwu) iji mee ihe na PC na ihe karịrị otu puku peeji nke kaadị nwere ọrụ iji bipụta, tebụl nkwukọrịta na ihe dị iche iche.

Anyị ekepụtala nnukwu nchịkọta ọrụ atọ na asụsụ PDF nke mpaghara mpaghara kewara:

Maka ederede ederede naaphasia ị nwere ike ịga ebe anyị na-edebe ihe ochie.

Nwekwara ike ịchọrọ:

Also nwekwara ike inwe mmasị na: Ihe mmeghari mmebi nke uche na ihe onye isi n’inweta akwara mm ụr ụ

Bibliography

  1. Caplan, D., Mmiri, G., DeDe, G., Michaud, J., & Reddy, A. (2007). Nnyocha nke njikọta akụrụngwa na aphasia I: Omume omume (psycholinguistic) akụkụ. Inbụrụ na Asụsụ, 101(2), 103-150.
  2. Hula, WD, & McNeil, MR (2008, August). Elsdị nlebara anya na ịrụ ọrụ na aka abụọ dịka nkọwa na-ewu ewu na aphasia. na Nzukọ ọmụmụ ihe n'okwu na asụsụ(Mpịakọta 29, Nọmba 03, p. 169-187). Pub Ndị Na-ebipụta Ọgwụ na Thieme.
  3. Lambon Ralph, MA, Snell, C., Fillingham, JK, Conroy, P., & Sage, K. (2010). Na-ekwupụta nsonaazụ ọgwụgwọ anomia maka ndị nwere aphasia post CVA: Asụsụ abụọ na ọnọdụ ọgụgụ isi bụ ndị buru amụma. Mgbanwe Neuropsychological, 20(2), 289-305.
  4. Murray, LL (2012). Ntị na enweghị nghọta ndị ọzọ na aphasia: Ọnụnọ yana mmekọrita na asusu na nkwukọrịta. Akwụkwọ bụ American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 21(2), S51-S64.
  5. Murray, LL, Keeton, RJ, & Karcher, L. (2006). Nlebara anya na aphasia dị nro: Nyochaa ọzụzụ usoro nlezianya-II. Akwukwo Nsogbu Nkwukọrịta, 39(1), 37-61.
  6. Pérez Naranjo, N., Del Río Grande, D., & González Alted, C. (2018). Ngbanwe nke ndi mmadu na nlebara anya na oru asusu di na aphasia: ihe omumu jiri ule nyocha nke oru nyocha nke Conner. Aphasiology, 32(4), 436-458.
  7. Villard, S., & Kiran, S. (2015). Oge mgbanwe n'etiti-nnabata nke mmadụ na ibe ya nwere na ntagide, na ịhọrọ ma nwekwaa ọmụmụ asụsụ na aphasia. Neuropsychologia, 66, 204-212.

Bido dee ma pịa Tinye ka ịchọọ