A -B - C - D - E - F - G - I - L - M - O - P - Q - R - S - T - V

A

Ulo olu: na -eme ka mmadụ na -ekwu okwu nkwupụta na njiri mara ụda okwu nke interlocutor (Marini et al., BVL 4-12, 2015: 37).

Ọrịa aphasia na-enweghị atụ: [aphasia] Aphasia nke amaghi ama nke oma, ahịrịokwu dị mkpụmkpụ, ịkọwapụta ihe siri ike, ịda mba; enwere ike inwe agrammatism. Ihe achọrọ iji mata ọdịiche dị na aphasia na-enweghị ọ areụ bụ: ọnụnọ nke apraxia ọnụ, ogologo nke ahịrịokwu, ọnụọgụ okwu, ọnụnọ nke agrammatism ma ọ bụ slang na procus. Na mkpokọta, ọnụnọ nke nsogbu okwu na ogologo nke ahịrịokwu ahụ ka a ga-atụle karịa ihe niile: ọ bụrụ na ahịrịghị ahịrịokwu ndị dịkarịa ala isii, ọ dịkarịa ala otu ahịrịokwu (ọ dịkarịa ala otu ahịrịokwu).Basso, Knowingmata na ikuzigharị aphasia, 2009: 64).

Afemia: [aphasia] Okwu mbu nke ihe aga - emecha aphasia, nke Paul Broca duziri iji kọwaa ndị na-enweghị ike ịkọwa onwe ha n ’ọnụ agbanyeghị na ha nwere ezigbo nghọta.

Affricazione: [asụsụ] Usoro sistemụ: dochie ụda olu nwere esemokwu na nke emetụtara. Ihe atụ: "cagia" maka "ụlọ" (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology)

Nnyocha Variance (ANOVA): [onu ogugu, usoro nyocha] usoro omuma atu nke n’eme ka i tulee otu di iche iche n’otu usoro ihe ojoo nke echiche nzuzu, site na atule ihe di iche n’etiti otu na mgbanwe di iche. Bolzani na Canestrari, Logic nke Statistical Test, 1995).

Anteriorizzazione: [asụsụ] Usoro sistemụ: iji dochie ihu ihu dochie ụda azụ. Ihe atụ: "tasa" maka "ụlọ" (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology).

aposiopesis: [asụsụ] nkwụsịtụ ahịrịokwu nke anaghị aga n’ihu. Dika ogugu ederede, e bu n’obi inye onye ogugu ma obu onye guru ya ohere itule ahịrịokwu ndi ozo. N'ihe banyere aphasias, obu ihe obula, obu ihe n’adighi nma ka enwegh ike iga n’ihu n’ihi ihe isi ike n’imezi ahịrịokwu ma obu nsogbu di na iweghachi otu okwu.

Ajọ nkuzi: Usoro ncheta [neuropsychology, memory] bidoro maka ndị ọrịa amnesic, na-esonye ma duzie mmụta banyere ihe iji gbochie njehie na ncheta ya n'ogo doro anya. Nkụzi na-ezighi ezi na Mmezi Mmezi: Nyocha Mgbaasị, 2012; Mazzucchi, Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2012).

Apraxia: Mgbagha nke mmegharị nke mmegharị ọ mụrụ, ma mmegharị nke iji ihe na mmegharị ahụ ihe atụ. Ọ bụghị n'ihi mgbanwe nke sistemụ moto, mpeche nke ọgụgụ isi, nke nlebara anya ma ọ bụ erughi na ịnabata ihe. (Leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Ahịrị nke dị mma: [akwara neurochochology] banyere mmiri ihe (leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Apraxia Ideomotor: [akwara neurochochology] gbasara mgbanwe nke mmegharị ahụ pụrụ iche, na-abaghị uru (na-e imomi) yana atụ. Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001)

Apraxia na-arụ ọrụ: neurodị ụdị akwara na-emetụta ịkọwa ọnụ ọgụgụ geometric (lee kwa Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Apraxia na akwa: [akwara neurochochology] banyere ike iyi akwa (lee kwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Apraxia nke anya: Ọrịa akwara na-emetụta mgbanwe nke mmegharị anya (leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

March Apraxia: ụdị ọrịa akwara na - eme ka enweghị ike ịme ihe (leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Optic ziri ezi: Ọkpụkpụ nhazi ihe ndapụta nke metụtara ịbịaru njehie aka na ụkwụ rue ihe a hụrụ. Ọ na - ebutekarị ụbụrụ site na oghere ihu ụzọ. Ọ dabere na ọdịda ịmata ihe aga erute ma ghọta ya, agbanyeghị ịnwe isoro ya na ọkwa mọbụ siri ike (leekwa anya) Ladàvas na Berti, Akwụkwọ ntuziaka nke Neuropsychology, 2014).

ịtụkwasị obi (ma ọ bụ ntụkwasị obi): akụ nke ihe omimi nke ihe eji atụ ihe (nnwale) nke na-egosi ogo nkwụsi ike nke ihe ahụ ma ọ bụrụ na a na-atụgharị ihe ahụ. N'ikwu ya n'ụzọ ọzọ, ọ na-agwa anyị otu nnwale siri bụrụ ntụkwasị obi (leekwa ya) Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

Họrọ nhọrọ: akụkụ akụrụngwa [neuropsychology, care] nke metụtara ikike ekenye ihe nlebara anya na mkpali dị mkpa, na-ebelata nnyonye anya mkpali ndị dị ugbu a mana adịghị emetụta ọrụ a ga-arụ. Ngalaba nke nlebara anya nhọrọ na-agụnye itinye uche n'ihe, nlebara anya na nlebara anya ọzọ (Vallar et al., Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2012).

B

Asụsụ Abụọla Ntanetị (ma ọ bụ Asụsụ ọtụtụ asụsụ): [asụsụ] mgbe amụụrụ asụsụ abụọ n’otu oge (lee Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

B nwere njikọ ejikọtara n'asụsụ abụọ (ma ọ bụ ịmụgharị asụsụ): [asụsụ] mgbe amụtabeghị asụsụ abụọ ma ọ bụ karịa tupu etolite etolite ma ọ bụghị na ezinulo ezinụlọ (dịka Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

Nkeji abuo mezuru ya (ma obu agha obodo): [asụsụ] mgbe ejiri otu asụsụ ma ọ bụ karịa na-eji asụsụ mbụ dị ka onye etiti (lee Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

Abalị abụọ nke asụsụ bidoro: [asụsụ] mgbe nwata ahụ ekpughewo n'asụsụ nke abụọ mgbe nke mbụ gachara, mana n'ọnọdụ ọ bụla tupu afọ asatọ (lee Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

Mbubreyo nke asusu abuo: [asụsụ] mgbe nwata ahụ ekpughewo n'asụsụ nke abụọ mgbe nke mbụ gachara, mana mgbe ọ gbarachara afọ asatọ (lee Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

Nke imekota asusu abuo: [asụsụ] mgbe nwata ahụ ekpughewo asụsụ abụọ kemgbe ụbọchị mbụ nke ndụ (lee Marini ne Ọrịa asụsụ, 2014: 68)

C

Ahịrịokwu na-ebu (ma ọ bụ ahịrịokwu nkwado): ahịrịokwu ndị mmadụ na-ejikarị iji kpochapụ okwu ụfọdụ (dịka: "Biko, nye m ...").

circumlocution: [asụsụ] ojiji nke “ntụgharị nke okwu” ịzo aka n’okwu na - enweghị ike ị nweta. Ihe atụ: "onye egbue achịcha" ịsị "mma".

Ellingsụpe oke: [ịmụ] ikike ịsọpụrụ iwu na mgbakọ dị ugbu a n'asụsụ anyị ugbu a nke na-edozigharị mgbanwe nke asụsụ gere ntị ma ọ bụ n'echiche n'ime asụsụ nke ejiri graphemes (Tressoldi na Cornoldi, 2000, Batrị maka nyocha ederede na ịkọpụta asambodo na ụlọ akwụkwọ amanye)

Nkwuputa Nkwuputa na Nhọrọ ndi ozo (CAA): nkwukọrịta ọ bụla nke na-eji dochie ma ọ bụ na -ekwupụta okwu ọnụ; bụ mpaghara omume nke ịgba ọgwụ na-achọ ịkwụ ụgwọ maka nkwarụ nwa oge ma ọ bụ nke na-adịgide adịgide nke ndị nwere nsogbu nkwukọrịta siri ike (ASHA, 2005, e hotara na Constantine, Buildinglọ akwụkwọ na akụkọ ya na CAA, 2011: 54)

Conduites d'nzilegche: [aphasia] na-anwa ịbịaru okwu ahụ site na mmalite ụgha ma ọ bụ parafasias okwu olu. Ihe atụ: "la pa ... pasca, pasma, pastia ..." ịsị "onyinye" (lee ọmụmaatụ Marini, Neurolinguistics ntuziaka, 2018: 143 e Mazzucchi, Ntughari Neuropsychological, 2012)

confabulation: [neuropsychology] na onodu nke nsogbu ncheta bu akara “nke oma” nke edoziri dika ntinye nke nkwuputa ma obu omume n’enweghi isi ma obu n’oge, ugbua ma obu odi n’iru nke okwu (Site na afụ ọnụ, G. (1993b). Kpụrụ nhazi dị iche iche. cortex, 29, 567-581) - ekele Ilaria Zannoni

mmekọrịta: [ọnụ ọgụgụ, usoro nyocha] njikọta n'etiti mgbanwe abụọ dị na nke na na mgbanwe otu na-agbanwe na ibe ya. Ihe ndị ọzọ na-agbanwe ugboro abụọ, ọ ga-eme ka mmekọrịta ahụ sie ike karị. Mmekọ ahụ dịgasị n'etiti akara 1 (dịka otu agbanwe na-abawanye, mmụba na-arị elu mgbe niile) yana -1 (ka otu mgbanwe na-abawanye, a na-enwe mbelata oge niile; na akara 0, enwere ebe a. ngụkọ mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ndị mgbanwe abụọ ahụ.
Ọnụnọ nke njikọ nwere njikọ, ọ bụ ezie na ọ siri ike, anaghị egosi njikọ sitere n'etiti mgbanwe abụọ ahụ (lee kwa Welkowits, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics maka agwa akparamaagwa, 2009).

Uegba mkpu: [aphasia] pere mpe, ekwentị na / ma ọ bụ aro, nke enyere na onye ọrịa enweghị ike iweghachite ebumnuche ahụ n’onweghị (lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Conroy et al., Iji nkpuchita nke akpukpo oku site na ikwu ihe ga - emeghachi omume n‘omuta anomia na aphasia, 2012)

D

deafferentation: [neuroanatomy] mbelata nke ọbịbịa neuronal maka usoro achọrọ. Nke a putara site na nkwonkwo nke neurons nke nebido ihe axon na -aru n’oche ochicho, ma obu site na ntu nke onwe ha (lee kwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Adịghị Ike: [neuropsychology] ụdị adịghị ike nke uche (leekwa ụbụrụ ọgụgụ isi ma ọ bụ nlọghachi azụ nke uche), nke emere ka amamịghe dị ala karịa echiche ọgụgụ isi (IQ n'etiti 70 na 50), ihe isi ike nke mmeghari mmekọrịta na ọdịdị nke adịghị ike n'oge mmepe.

deafferentation: [neuroanatomy] mbelata nke ọbịbịa neuronal maka usoro achọrọ. Nke a putara site na nkwonkwo nke neurons nke nebido ihe axon na -aru n’oche ochicho, ma obu site na ntu nke onwe ha (lee kwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Ọkpụkpụ nke akwara ozi: [akwara akwara] nke na - aga n’ihu n’ihu otu oru ma ọ bụ ọrụ nke neurons nke nwere ike ibute gị (leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

muffling: [asụsụ] Usoro sistemụ: dochie ụda na ogbi kwekọrọ. Ihe atụ: "panana" maka "banana" (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology)

Ationkpụrụ ndọpụ (pụtara pụtara ndọpụ) ọnụ ọgụgụ [ọnụọgụ] atụmatụ nke mgbanwe nke otu data, enwetara site na okirikiri okpu nke iche. Ọ na - egosi etu data agbasasịrịrị n ’nkezi (ya bụ, etu ha si agbagọ agbagọ site na ya) mana, n’adịghị ka ndịiche, a na-egosipụta paramita na otu ntụle ahụ dịka nkezi (lee kwa. Welkowits, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics maka agwa akparamaagwa, 2009).

dysgraphia: Nkuzi omara ihe ma obu ihe ọgụgụ isi (Ajuriaguerra et al., L'écriture de l'enfant. 1 Celsius. n'ime Di Brina et al., BHK, 2010)

Dyspraxia: Ọrịa nkwonkwo [neuropsychology] na-emetụta nghọta nke akparamagwa agwa, ọkachasị ndị a hụrụ n'oge i observedomi. Ọ dabereghị na ụkọ sistem, ụkọ ọgụgụ isi ma ọ bụ enweghị nlebara anya. Ọ dị iche na nke apraxia n'ihi na okwu dyspraxia na-ezo aka n'ọgba aghara a hụrụ n'oge mmepe (leekwa anya) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Verys dyspraxia: [asụsụ] Nsogbu Central na mmemme na ịghọta mmegharị ụda olu dị mkpa maka imepụta ụda, olu na okwu na maka usoro nhazi ha (Chilosis na Cerri, Verbal dyspraxia, 2009 Vd. nwekwara Sabbadini, Dyspraxia na usoro mmepe: nyocha na ntule aka, 2005)

Nsogbu asụsụ mkpọlite: [asụsụ] adịghị ike asụsụ ọ bụla nke na-eme n'oge mmepe, na-enwekwu nsụchi asụsụ ahụ n'onwe ya, na isiokwu ndị nwere otu ma ọ bụ karịa na usoro ndị a: ịla azụ nke ọgụgụ isi, nsogbu zuru oke nke mmepe, nnukwu nsogbu nke ọrụ nyocha, ụkọ ọdịnala dị mkpa (Gilardone, Casetta, Luciani, Nwatakịrị nwere nsogbu ikwu okwu. Nkwupụta ọgwụgwọ usoro na ọgwụgwọ, Cortina, Turin 2008).

Mmetụta nke ikpere ọbara nke ọbara: [akwara neurochochology] nke otu ụbụrụ na - eduga na nke ọzọ na njikwa ikike ma ọ bụ ọrụ moto; ọ bụ ya mere na ndabere nke usoro mbubata ụbụrụ. Ihe atụ bụ asụsụ, ọ na - enwekarị ikike ịhapụ akụkụ ahụ, na usoro visuo, yana ikike izizi ọhụụ Habib, Hemispheric Dominance, 2009, EMC - Neurology, 9, 1-13)

E

ecolalia: ikwughachi okwu ma ọ bụ nkebi ahịrịokwu ndị mmadụ na -ege ya ntị, na-enweghị nghọtaghị ha. Ọ na-aputa ihe banyere aru oru n’ime umuaka karichaanu afo ato (Marini et al., BVL 4-12, 2015: 37) na pathologically na ndị okenye, ọmụmaatụ na Parkinson's.

Mmetụta olile anya: [usoro nyocha] mgbanwe nke nsonaazụ nyocha n'ihi atụmanya nsonaazụ nke onye nyocha ma ọ bụ isiokwu nyocha n'onwe ha. Nke mbu bu onye okacha amara Robert Rosenthal bu onye akporo nye ya n’ufu oge Mmetụta Rosenthal (ma ọ bụ Mmetụta Pygmalion o Amụma nke na-emezu onwe ya). Ọ bụ akụkụ dị mkpa ịtụle na nyocha nke mmetụta nke mmadụ bụ ihe na-ekpebi ya, n'ihi nke a, a na-ajụkarị mmetụta a ka ọ bụrụ ihe dị oke mkpa na ọmụmụ banyere ọgwụgwọ nke anaghị eji otu njikwa arụ ọrụ (ya bụ na e nyefere na usoro ọgwụgwọ ma ọ bụ ọzọ na nnwale ahụ) ma ọ bụ nke anaghị eji otu njikwa ọ bụla.

Mmetụta ọnọdụ: [mmụta] hụ Ọgụgụ Isi Na Mmụta Multimedia

Mmetụta Pygmalion: vedi Mmetụta anya

Ihe mmetụta: Ọgụgụ uche, ọgwụ] nke ọgwụ na-enye enweghị ọgwụgwọ ọ bụla akọwapụtara ma jikọta ya na ntụkwasị obi etinyere na ọgwụgwọ ahụ n'onwe ya. Mmetụta a, n'otu aka ahụMmetụta anya, na-abụkarị ihe mgbochi na nyocha nke nsonaazụ nke ọgwụgwọ ma na-achịkwa ya site na iji otu isiokwu, akpọrọ nke ha njikwa otu, nke a na-enyeghị ọgwụgwọ ọ bụla ma ọ bụ nke adịgboroja na-eme

Mmetụta ugwo: [mmụta] hụ Ọgụgụ Coultitive nke Mmụta Multimodal

Mmetụta Rosenthal: vedi Mmetụta anya

hemianopia: [neuropsychology] ọnwụ nke ọhụụ na ọkara nke mpaghara anya (ma ọ bụ nke otu quadrant n'ihe banyere quadrantanopia) ọnya ọnya ihu anya nke optic chiasm, ọnya optic, radieshon ma ọ bụ cortex anya (leekwa anya) Ladàvas na Berti, Akwụkwọ ntuziaka nke Neuropsychology, 2014)

Spatal eminegligence (lee Na-ehichapụ)

kwuru: Enwere ike ịkọwa ya dị ka "ụda ziri ezi n'etiti nkwụsịtụ abụọ nwere nghọta (nke zuru ma ọ bụ tọgbọ chakoo) na-adigide ma ọ dịkarịa ala sekọnd abụọ" (nkọwa acoustic), "ngọngọ echiche, ma ọ bụ nkọwa dị mfe ma ọ bụ nke mgbagwoju anya" ( akara edemede, "" ahịrịokwu buru ibu sochiri usoro ndị ọzọ a haziri nke ọma "(akara mmụta gramaat). (Marini et al., BVL 4-12, 2015: 69)

Errordị m njehie: [psychometry] jụrụ echiche nzuzu mgbe nke a bụ eziokwu.
Ihe omuma atu: onye nyocha choputara na uzo ohuru na-emezi ka ikpo oku di elu karie usoro ọgwụgwọ; mgbe ọ nwalere hypothesis ahụ, ọ jụrụ H0 (ya bụ, na ọgwụgwọ abụọ ahụ kwekọrọ) ma nakwere H1 (ya bụ na ọgwụgwọ ọhụrụ ahụ ka mma) mana n'eziokwu, ọgwụgwọ abụọ ahụ na-enye otu nsonaazụ ahụ na ọdịiche ndị achọtara metụtara. njehie ụzọ ma ọ bụ mmetụta nke oge (lee anya) Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

Errordị II: [psychometry] nakwere echiche nzuzu mgbe nke a bụ ụgha.
Ihe omuma atu: onye nyocha choputara na uzo ohuru na-emezi ka ikpo oku di elu karie usoro ọgwụgwọ; mgbe ọ nwalere hypothesis ahụ, ọ na-anabata H0 (ya bụ na ọgwụgwọ abụọ ahụ kwekọrọ) ma jụ H1 (ya bụ na ọgwụgwọ ọhụrụ ahụ ka mma) mana n'eziokwu na ọgwụgwọ abụọ ahụ na-enye nsonaazụ dị iche. Enweghi nsonaazụ na nke a, n'aka nke ọzọ, ga-adabere na njehie ụzọ, ntakịrị ihe dị iche n'ihi nsonaazụ ikpe ahụ, ma ọ bụ n'ihi ike dị ala nke nnwale ahụ. Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

F

Arithmetic eziokwu: [mgbakọ na mwepụ] Ha bụ nsonaazụ nke usoro usoro ọmụmụ na-agaghị agbakọ, mana ka enwere ebe nchekwa. Iji maa atụ, tebụl ọtụtụ ihe na nchikota dị mfe. (Poli, Molin, Lucangeli na Cornoldi, Memocalcolo, 2006: 8)

Ihe nzacha: [aphasia] nkwụsịtụ zuru oke nke ụda, ekwentị, okwu ma ọ bụ iberibe okwu. A na-ahụkarị ha na mmalite ụgha. "Ma taa bụ ụbọchị mara mma" (lee ọmụmaatụ Marini, Neurolinguistics ntuziaka, 2018: 143)

phonology: [linguistics] cipdọ aka na ntị nke na-amụ ike ụda olu nke ọkà okwu nwere n'asụsụ nne ya, ya bụ, sistemụ nke na-etolite na mmalite nke ndụ mmadụ na nke ọdịiche dị n'etiti ụda ndị na-akọwa ihe pụtara na ụda ya. amatala ha (Nespor, phonology, 1993: 17)

Agba ahịrịokwu: [asụsụ] thatzọ ejikọtara otu agba dị iche na ahịrịokwu nke ọ bụla (isiokwu, isiokwu, ngwaa ...). Enwere ike iji ya maka ahịrịokwu ede ede yana ndị eji eserese eji ese (lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, AA VV, De Filippis protocol therapy protocol, 2006).

Fricazione: [asụsụ] Usoro sistemụ: dochie anya ụda anwansi ma ọ bụ nke jikọtara ya na fricative. Ihe atụ: "fasso" maka "eziokwu" (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology)

Functors: [linguistics] vd. Mepee okwu klaasị mechiri emechi

Ọrụ ndị isi: [neuropsychology] usoro amamịghe siri ike maka ime atụmatụ na ịchịkwa afọ ojuju nke akparamagwa, ihe dị mkpa na ọrụ ndị na - abụghị akpaghị aka nke chọrọ nlebara anya dị mkpa (leekwa anya edemede anyị banyere ọrụ ndị isi; Grossi na Trojano, Neuropsychology of the Frontal Lobes, 2013).

G

Mgbanye: [asụsụ] Usoro sistemụ: ndochi nke onye nnọchi anya ya na semiconsonant. Ihe atụ: “foia” maka “akwukwo” (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology)

Mmegharị batrị: ụdị mmegharị aka nke aka si n’elu n’elu ruo na ala wepụta akara mkpụrụ okwu ma ọ bụ okwu ahịrịokwu (ọrụ mmegharị ahụ. Okwu mmalite nke usoro ọgwụgwọ na oge uto, p. 234)

Nnweta ọnya siri ike: [neurology]: Site na "mmerụ ụbụrụ nke merụrụ emerụ" (GCA) anyị pụtara mbibi ụbụrụ, n'ihi cranioencephalic trauma ma ọ bụ ihe ndị ọzọ (ụbụrụ ọgbụgba, ọbara ọgbụgba, wdg), dịka ịchọpụta ọnọdụ ọnọdụ akpịrị (CG = = < Ihe karịrị awa 8) na sensorimotor, ọgụgụ isi ma ọ bụ nkwarụ akparamagwa, nke na-eduga na nnukwu nkwarụ (cf. Nnọkọ nkwenye: Ezigbo Ọgwụ Ndị Ahia na Hospitallọ Ọgwụ Maka Ndị Ọrịa Nwere Nnukwu Ahụhụ).

Otu Njikwa: [usoro nyocha] na nyocha nke ọ na-amụ banyere nsonaazụ mgbanwe nke onwe nọọrọ onwe ya na otu isiokwu, dịka ọmụmaatụ ọgwụgwọ, ihe nlele ahụ na-abụkarị nke abụọ ma ọ dịkarịa ala: otu nnwale, nke na-anata ọgwụgwọ n'okpuru nyocha (agbanwe. nọọrọ onwe ha, yana ndị na-ahụ maka njikwa, nke na-anaghị enweta ọgwụgwọ ọ bụla ma ọ bụ na-anata usoro ọzọ (yabụ na-esiteghị na mmetụta nke mgbanwe nọọrọ onwe ha). Otu njikwa ahụ bụ nke ejiri ntụle nke ọgwụgwọ ọgwụgwọ atụnyere na nnwale iji belata mmetụta nke ụfọdụ mgbaka (lee lee) Ercolani, Areni na Mannetti, Nchoputa Na Psychology, 1990).

I

Nnyocha-moto [neuropsychology, multiple sclerosis] na ihe ana - ahụ n’oge a na - egbu oge nke ọrụ moto (dịka ọmụmaatụ ije ije) na ọrụ ọgụgụ isi (dịka ọmụmaatụ na - ekwu okwu niile na - amalite maka mkpụrụedemede enyere); n'ọnọdụ ndị a, ọ ga - ekwe omume ịhụ mbelata ihe moto, amazu ma ọ bụ arụmọrụ abụọ. A na-amụ nyocha nnyonye anya na gburugburu nke ọtụtụ ọrịa sclerosis dịka ọ na - eme ugboro ugboro na ọfụma karịa na mpaghara ahụike. (Lee Ruggieri et al., 2018, Maazị mgbaàmà nke nnyonye anya na nnyonye anya na nnabata ọrịa sclerosis).

Ntinye cross-modal: Ihe omimi [neuropsychology] nke mejuputara ichota ozi sitere na uzo ohuru di iche n’otu ihe. Kachasị anya, ọ bụ nghọta na-emetụta mmekọrịta dị n'etiti abụọ ma ọ bụ karịa dị iche iche usoro iche (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crossmodal).

Oge ntụkwasị obi: [psychometry] bu otutu ihe di n’etiti uzo abuo (nke di ala na elu) n’etiti nke achoputara otu oke (n’eji obi ike).
Ihe omuma: oburu na mgbe m gabisiri WAIS-IV ihe IQ nke 102 putara na 95% ntinye obi n’agbata 97 rue 107, nke a putara na 95% puru omume “ezi” IQ nke onye enyocha ya bu uru di n’etiti 97 na 107 (lee kwa Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

Ọzọ hypothesis: [psychometry] gosikwara ya na H1. N’ime nyocha ọ bụ hypothesis nke onye nyocha mere nyocha ya na nke ezubere ka ọ nwalee.
Ọ bụrụ, dịka ọmụmaatụ, onye nyocha ahụ kwenyesiri ike na ọgwụgwọ ọzọ na-enye nsonaazụ dị iche karịa usoro ọgwụgwọ oge, H1 ga-anọchi anya ịdị adị nke ọdịiche a n'ụzọ abụọ dị iche.
A na - akọwapụtakwa ya dị ka nke nke echiche efu bụ ụgha, na - akọwapụtakwa ụkpụrụ maka uru ọmụrụ nwa (lee lee) Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

Nzuzu hypothesis: [psychometry] gosikwara na H0, na nyocha ọ na-ezo aka na hypothesis bụ nke a na-ewere dị ka eziokwu na-enweghị ihe akaebe megidere nke nwere ike ịgbagha ya.
Ọ bụrụ, dịka ọmụmaatụ, ezubere igosipụta na otu usoro ọgwụgwọ dị irè karịa nke ọzọ, H0 ga-anọchi anya hypothesis na enweghị ọdịiche dị n'etiti ọgwụgwọ abụọ ahụ.
A kọwapụtara ya dị ka otu nke egosipụtara uru nke parameter n'ime ihe doro anya ma ọ bụ ọdịiche a na-atụ anya ya (nke na-ekwekọkarị na efu) n'etiti parameters nke mmadụ abụọ (lee lee. Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

L

Nkezi Ogologo Nkwupụta (LME): [asụsụ] Brown weputara n’afọ 1973, echiche nke ogologo nke ahịrịokwu na-egosi nkezi nke okwu ma ọ bụ okwu ikpe nke ọkà okwu mepụtara n’omume - na - abụkarị nke ahịrịokwu 100 (lee nkwupụta). Ọ bụ otu n'ime njiri mara nke ikike asụsụ na mmepụta (lee, Brown, Asụsụ mbụ, 1973).

M

Nkewa Akwụkwọ: [aphasia] Hypothesis dị ka ndị ọrịa ji arụ ọrụ, ebe ha na-ejikwa ike arụ ọrụ dị mma, na-esiri ike kenye ọrụ dị iche iche nke ahịrịokwu ahụ na nhazi nke ngwaa (lee Boscarato na Modena na Flosi, Charlemagne na Rossetto, Limezigharị onye ahụ aphasia, 2013: 57)

Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT): approachzọ aphasia na mmezi nke aphasia na-eji ụzọ dị ụtọ nke okwu (uda na ụda) tụọ egwu (lee Norton et al., Melodic Intonation Therapy: Nnwekọrịta nghọta gbasara otu esi eme ya yana ihe kpatara eji enyere ya aka, 2009)

Ebe nchekwa ọrụ: Usoro [neuropsychology] nke ga - enyere gị aka ịchekwa ozi nwa oge iji chịkwaa ya ma ọ bụ megharia ya (cf. Baddeley na Hitch, ebe nchekwa Ọrụ, 1974). Leekwa edemede anyị Gịnị bụ ebe nchekwa.

Ebe nchekwa: ikike [neuropsychology] icheta ime ihe mgbe emechara ya (lee ọmụmaatụ, Rouleau et al. Mwepu ncheta ihe di n'ihu na otutu sclerosis: nyocha, 2017). Hụ kwa isiokwu omimi anyị Ebe nchekwa anya na otutu sclerosis

Meta-analysis: ụdị ụdị nke ọnụ ọgụgụ na-enye ohere ichikota nsonaazụ nke ọmụmụ dịgasị iche iche banyere otu isiokwu, na-anwa ibelata nsonaazụ nke isi mmalite nke nsonaazụ nke otu ọmụmụ, na-eme ka usoro ọ bụla pụta (lee lee. Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Metacognition: okwu na-ezo aka banyere mmadụ ịmara ihe ya na, n'otu oge ahụ, usoro na atụmatụ dị iche iche na-ahazi ya (lee kwa Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Metafonologia: ike ịtụle, nkebi na ikpa oke okwu edepụtara nke edere n’elu ndabere nke ihe eji ekwu okwu ha (Bishọp & Snowling, mmepe dyslexia na nrụrụ aka asụsụ akọwapụtara: otu ma ọ bụ dị iche?, Psychol Bulletin 130 (6), 858-886, 2004)

ịme ngosi uwe (lee Pingkpụzi)

Ọkpụkpụ na usoro izizi: usoro izizi na - agbanwe ihe mgbakwasị ụkwụ (dịka ọmụmaatụ cas + in + a); inflectal morphemes na agbanwe naanị ụdị edemede okwu. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, nwoke ma ọ bụ nwanyị: cas + a (cf. Marini et al., BVL 4-12, 2015: 13)

N

Na-ehichapụ: [neuropsychology] ọrịa neuropsychological, na - esite na mmerụ ahụ ụbụrụ, nke nwere mmebi na mmata gbasara ọnụnụ. Onye na-egosi ihe mgbaàmà ndị a na-egosi ihe isi ike n'ịchọpụta ebe ihe siiri na nkwonkwo ụbụrụ, ịma ụma banyere ihe mkpali dị n'akụkụ akụkụ nke onwe gị (ọ na-abụkarị nke dị n'ime), ọnọdụ onwe ya ma ọ bụ nke na-apụ apụ (leekwa isiokwu anyị.) Elefu: akụkụ gbara ọchịchịrị nke ụwa)

Nleghara anya gbasara oghere (lee Na-ehichapụ)

Neurons nke enyo: [neuroscience] klas nke neurons nke na - eme ma mmadu gha eme ihe na mgbe otu onye na - ahụkwa otu ihe omumu ozo mere.https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroni_specchio)

O

holophrasis: [asụsụ] jiri otu mkpụrụokwu maka nkwupụta ma ọ bụ arịrịọ nke ga-achọ ahịrịokwu dum. Ọ bụ ihe atụ a na-ahụkarị mmepe nwata na nwata. Ex: "cua" maka "Achọrọ m mmiri".

P

paraphasia: [aphasia] word mepụtara na ezighi ezi n’ihe banyere onye agbadobere. Paraphasia nwere ike ibu ihe nlere (dika “libbium” maka “akwukwo”) ma obu akwukwo (“notebook” for “book”). (lee ihe atụ Marini, Neurolinguistics ntuziaka, 2018: 143)

Mepee okwu klaasị mechiri emechi: [linguistics] okwu ndị mepere emepe (ma ọ bụ ọdịnaya okwu) bu nouns, amam ihe kwesiri ekwesi, ngwaa okwu lexical na ilu okwu na-ejedebe inmenti; okwu mmechi mechiri emechi (ma ọ bụ okwu okwu o functors) aha nnochi anya, ihe ekwesighi iru eru, edemede, njikota aka, ngwa okwu na nke ekwuru. Ọ bụ ezie na okwu ndị dị na ya na-ekwupụta usoro ọmụmụ, ndị ọchị na-ekwupụta mmekọrịta dị n'etiti okwu.

Nnyocha Ihe Nnyocha Ọgwụ: usoro [aphasia] Leonard, Rochon and Laird (2008) mejuputara igosiputa onyeria ya na onyonyo n’etiti mpempe akwụkwọ nwere arịrịọ maka mgbake nke okwu ahụ achọrọ. Na agbanyeghị na ọganiihu, a na-arịọ onye ọrịa ahụ ka ọ nwetaghachi okwu na-ada ụda, ekwentị mbụ, okwu ọzọ nke na-amalite site na otu ekwentịme na ọnụọgụ nke nkeji okwu. (lee Boscarato na Modena na Flosi, Charlemagne na Rossetto, Limezigharị onye ahụ aphasia, 2013: 47)

Plasticity nke neuronal: [neuropsychology] Ikekwe mkpụrụ ndụ akwara nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ ndị ọzọ ma ọ dị mkpa. (Gollin, Ferrari, Peruzzi, Ihe omumu maka uche, 2007: 15).

Ike ule nnwale: [psychometry] pụtara puru omume nke jupụta echiche nzuzu, site na nnwale ndekọ, mgbe nke a bụ ụgha.
Ihe omuma atu: oburu na nnwale nke nwere onodu onodi onodu nwere ike nke 80%, nka putara na enwere ike n ebe 80% inweta data nke neme ka ayi ju ihe nzuzu, ma oburu na nke a bụ ụgha (lee ya anya) Weltkovitz, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, 2009).

Usoro sistemụ: [asụsụ] Dochie otu ekwentị na nke ọzọ, ebe usoro syllabic adịghị agbanwe agbanwe (lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Santoro, Panero na Cianetti, otu obere 1, 2011).

Usoro nhazi: [asụsụ] Ngbanwe usoro syllabic nke okwu a, na mgbanwe na otutu ihe na usoro nke ụdaume na ụdaume nke mejupụtara ya (lee ọmụmaatụ, Santoro, Panero na Cianetti, otu obere 1, 2011)

Amụma nke ji emezu onwe gị: vedi Mmetụta anya

Oting na-akwalite arụmọrụ nkwukọrịta nke Aphasics (PACE) : [aphasia] ụzọ nlebara anya nke ọgwụgwọ aphasia nke onye na-ahụ maka okwu na-ekwupụta atụmatụ niile kwere omume iji gosi ma mee ka nkwukọrịta onye ọrịa nwekwuo ike (lee maka nkọwa nke Trump na Flosi, Charlemagne na Rossetto, Limezigharị onye ahụ aphasia, 2013: 105 e Charlemagne, Pragmatic bịara nso maka ọgwụgwọ aphasia. Site na ụdị ọmịiko ruo na Pace Usoro, 2002)

Ikike akara aka: [psychometry] mgbanwe nke Z akara (yana pụtara 0 na ọkọlọtọ ịgbagharia 1) gaa na akara na pụtara 10 na ọkọlọtọ iche 3. E jiri ya tụnyere akara Z ọ bụ ya mere dị iche naanị n'ọdịdị mana akụrụngwa ahụ ka dị otu. Uru ya bụ na ọ na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - enweghị ike na akara nke nwere uru na - adịghị mma ga - eme, ọbụlagodi na ọ dị ala karịa nkezi. A na-eji ha na ule dị iche iche dịka, dịka ọmụmaatụ, NEPSY-II.

Akara Akara Akara: [psychometry] mgbanwe nke Z akara (na pụtara 0 na ọkọlọtọ ịgbagharia 1) n'ime akara na pụtara 10 na ọkọlọtọ iche 3. Tụnyere a akara Z ọ bụ ya mere dị iche iche naanị n'ọdịdị ma Njirimara bụ otu. Uru ya bụ na ọ na - eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na - enweghị ike na akara nke nwere uru na - adịghị mma ga - eme, ọbụlagodi na ọ dị ala karịa nkezi. A na-eji ha na ule dị iche iche dịka, dịka ọmụmaatụ, WISC-IV.

Akara Akara: Ejiri akara ule na-eji ọtụtụ ule (dịka ọmụmaatụ na BVN 5-11) na akụ dị ka IQ (leekwa ọgụgụ isi ọgụgụ isi).

T akara (T n'ọtụtụ): [psychometry] mgbanwe nke Z akara (na pụtara 0 na ọkọlọtọ ịgbagharia 1) gaa na akara na pụtara 50 na ọkọlọtọ iche 10. Tụnyere a akara Z ọ bụ ya mere dị iche iche naanị n'ọdịdị mana Njirimara na-abụ otu. Uru ya bụ na ọ na - eme ka ihe omume na - adịghị mma ma ọ bụrụ na ọ dị ntakịrị karịa (leekwa.) Ercolani, Areni na Mannetti, Nchoputa Na Psychology, 1990). A na-eji ha na ule dị iche iche dịka, dịka ọmụmaatụ, na Towerlọ elu nke London.

Akara Z (akara eji ama atụ): [ọnụ ọgụgụ, psychometry] akara na-egosi etu uru otu si agabiga na atụghị anya ya, na-atụnyere ya etu ọ dị. Ihe akara a putara ihe 0 na ntughari uche nke 1 nke mere na akara Z nke 0 na-egosi otu uru zuru oke kwekọrọ na atụmanya, akara dị elu karịa 0 na-egosi uru dị elu karịa nkezi na akara dị ala karịa 0 na-egosi uru dị ala karịa nkezi. A na - enweta ya site na mwepu uru dị na uru a hụrụ na ịkewa ihe niile site na ndọpụ iche nke nkezi: (hụrụ uru - etiti) / ndọpụ ọkọlọtọ (lee kwa Welkowits, Cohen na Ewen, Statistics maka agwa akparamaagwa, 2009).

Q

Quadranopsia: (lee hemianopia)

R

Ọnụọgụ Ọnwụnwa (RCT): A na-akọwa usoro [nyocha] dị ka usoro nyocha nnwale "n'ezie" n'ihi na ọ na-enye ohere ịchịkwa nnwale zuru oke banyere mmasị. Ọ na - enye ndị mmadụ ihe ọmụmụ nyocha ahụ ka ana - ekewasị ya (na - enweghị usoro) na nnwale ma ọ bụ na - achịkwa ya ka onye ọ bụla nwee ike ịme otu ma ọ bụ ọzọ (otu na - enweghị otu) otu ndị ahụ dị iche na ibe ha, nke ga-eme ka enwee obi abụọ na ọ ga-ekwe omume mgbanwe nke mmasị (lee lee) Ercolani, Areni na Mannetti, Nchoputa Na Psychology, 1990).

Otu narị na narị [onuogugu, psychometry] nhazi site na onodu nke ndi mmadu n’ebido na nkesa nke otutu site na 1 rue 99. A na-eji ha n'ọtụtụ ule, dịka ọmụmaatụ na Batrị fortali maka ADHD (lee kwa Ercolani, Areni na Mannetti, Nchoputa Na Psychology, 1990).

Achọpụtara usoro ọgwụgwọ (ROT): [neuropsychology] Usoro ọgwụgwọ bụ ebumnuche ya bụ imezi ka nghazi dị na oge, na mbara na ịkwanyere onwe gị ugwu. Enwere ROT nkịtị (usoro ọgbakọ nke akọwapụtara nke ọma) yana ROT na-enweghị nsogbu, nke ndị ọrụ na-abụghị ndị ọkachamara na-emejupụta ụbọchị niile. (Gollin, Ferrari, Peruzzi, Ihe omumu maka uche, 2007: 13)

Usoro ọgwụgwọ Syntax belatara (REST): [aphasia] Ọgwụgwọ maka ndị ọrịa ịkpa oke aghara, ndị, kama itinye uche na nrụpụta ahịrịokwu ndị mejupụtara ọfụma, na-eme ka ojiji nke ihe owuwu dị mfe dịka ndị ejiri ya mee ihe site na isiokwu nkịtị. Mmiri na al., 2000; Vd. Basso, Mara ma zụlite mmụta aphasia, 2009: 35)

Ntughari [usoro ọgwụgwọ]: Usoro nke mejuputara ihe onye na - etinye ihe ozigbo imeputara ihe odighi agbanwe agbanwe kama n’inye ihe nlere anya di nma site na igbakwunye okwu efu ma obu jiri okwu kwesiri ekwesi ma obu dochie ya. Okwu mmalite nke usoro ọgwụgwọ na oge uto, p. 235)

mkwado: [psychology, omume] ihe mkpali nke na-abawanye ma ọ bụ belata ihe puru iche nke ọdịdị omume ụfọdụ. Emezigharị ihe dị ụzọ anọ ụzọ atọ: isi, nke abụọ (ma ọ bụ ọnọdụ), nkwado dị mma na nke na-adịghị mma. Nkwalite mbụ bụ ndị metụtara lanarị (nri, ihe ọ drinksụ drinksụ, ehi ụra, mmekọahụ ...) ebe nkwalite nke abụọ bụ ndị na-anọpụ iche na-ebido na-enweta uru dị ka ha na-esonye na mkpali ndị ọzọ nwere ikike na-ewusi ike. Mgbakwunye dị mma na-abụkarị ihe a na-ahụ dị ka ihe na-atọ ụtọ ma na-eme ka ihe omume ụfọdụ ha na ha na-akpakọrịta belata na-adịghị mma na-eme ka akparamagwa na-adịghị mma dị ka nsonaazụ nke mmeju ya (lee lee. Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Isi nchedo: [neuropsychology, ịka nká] setịpụrụ usoro nke ọgụgụ isi, agbanwe site na onye ọzọ, emejuputara iche ma ọ bụ kwụọ usoro ọnya na-aga n'ihu. Ha dabere na njirimara nke mmadụ na netwọkụ akwara nke na-emetụta ahụmịhe nke ndụ dịka agụmakwụkwọ, ọrụ na ntụrụndụ (leekwa anya) Passafiume na Di Giacomo, Ọrịa Alzheimer, 2006).

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Ahịrị nke ekwentị akpọrọ (SFI): [asụsụ] (ma ọ bụ syllabic, ma ọ bụ protomorphemic fillers) na-etinye ọnọdụ guzobere na nkwupụta ahụ ma eleghị anya mezuo ọrụ nke "akara akara" nke ihe ndị na-arụ ọrụ (Bottari et al., Ntinye ihe eji eme ihe na nnweta nke freetali nke na - enweghị isi, 1993, ndị e zoro aka na: Ripamonti et al., Lepi: Asughari asusu di na nwata, 2017)

Nnyocha Mmekọ Semantic: usoro [aphasia] nke na-eche na mgbake nke ozi echiche na-ewere ọnọdụ site na ịnweta netwọk mmekọrịta dị ka echiche ahụ siri ike na njigide nke njiri mara nke otu mgbaru ọsọ kwesịrị ịgbalite ebumnuche ahụ n'onwe ya karịa ọkwa ya, na-eme ka iweghachi okwu ahụ dịkwuo mma, na-arụpụta ihe site na ebumnuche ndị ọzọ na -eme otu ụdị otu ọmụmụ ahụ (lee Boscarato na Modena na Flosi, Charlemagne na Rossetto, Limezigharị onye ahụ aphasia, 2013: 44).

Nnyocha nke nnwale ahụ: [ọnụ ọgụgụ]: ​​ikike nke nnwale iji mata isiokwu nwere ụfọdụ njiri mara (ezigbo njirimara), dịka ọmụmaatụ ọnụnọ nke diski diski. N’aka ozo, o buru nha nke ndi n’enwe anwale ma ama banyere njiri mara ma atule nke ndi nwere ya; na-ewere ihe atụ nke dyslexia ọzọ, uche bụ oke nke ndị na-elele ule nwere nnwale, na-atụnyere mkpokọta ndị nke dyslexic n'ezie.
Ọ bụrụ na anyị na-akpọ S uche, Onu ogugu nke dyslexics gosiputara nke oma site na nnwale (ezigbo ihe) na B ọnụọgụ nke diski na-achọpụtaghị site na nnwale (echiche ụgha), mgbe ahụ enwere ike ịkọwapụta dị ka S = A / (A + B) .

Pingkpụzi:: [akparamaagwa, omume] Ntinye site na nnwale nke nzaghachi oru choro. Ọ mejuputara usoro omume nke isiokwu jiri nwayọ bịaruo nzaghachi a ga-enweta (dịka ọmụmaatụ, jiri nwayọ weta anụmanụ iji pịa onye na-agụ ọrụ) (leekwa anya Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Ntị ndọtị: [neuropsychology] Mgbanwe nlebara anya sitere na otu ihe, ma ọ bụ ihe omume, gaa na ihe ọzọ, ha abụọ nwere gburugburu ebe isiokwu ahụ dị (Marzocchi, Molin, Poli, Ntị na Metacognition, 2002: 12).

Cerebellar Cognitive-Affective Syndrome: [neuropsychology] ìgwè mmụọ nke cognitive na emetụta ihe na-esite na ọnya nke cerebellum. Mpekere nwere ike idi ọtụtụ ma na-echekwa ọtụtụ ngalaba dịka ebe nchekwa ọrụ, asụsụ, ọrụ ndị isi, mmụta na usoro usoro, nhazi mkpụrụedemede, njikwa anya, mmetụta na ụkpụrụ omume (Schmahmann, Na cerebellum na cognition, 2018).

Ọrịa ọgbụgba: [neuropsychology] mgbanwe mgbanwe metụtara na ọnya nke ihe ọcha na-ejikọta mpaghara ụbụrụ dị iche iche (leekwa anya. Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001).

Balint Holmes ọrịa: [neuropsychology] syndrome neuropsychological mara simultanagnosia (nke pụtara na njirimara ihe onyonyo ụwa mgbe enwere ọtụtụ ihe), oculomotor apraxia (mpeche na ebughari ya na isi ihe) na optic ataxia (erughi na mmeghari nke ihe ịga nke ọma na ukwu aka). Ọrịa a na-enwekarị ọgbụgba na ọgbụgba Ladàvas na Berti, Akwụkwọ ntuziaka nke Neuropsychology, 2014).

Sistem Nlebara Anya: Norman na Willice ejirila sistemụ arụmọrụ mee nhazi. N’okwu mbụ ọ bụ usoro nchịkwa usoro a na-anọchi anya usoro omume mmụta dị iche iche a na-anọchi anya ya, nke ahọpụtara n’ime nzaghachi n ’ime gburugburu, dabere n’usoro ịgbalite akpaka; N'okwu nke abụọ, mgbe nhọrọ akpaghị aka ezughi iji rụọ ọrụ otu ọrụ ma ọ bụ ụdị mmado a abụghị arụmọrụ n'ọnọdụ akọwapụtara. Sistemụ Nlebara Anya nke na - egbochighachi ihe omume dị iche iche ịhọrọ nke kacha mma dabere n'ọnọdụ ndị ahụ (leekwa anya) Mazzucchi, Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2012).

Somatoagnosia: [neuropsychology] ịmara banyere ụdị ahụ mmadụ (hụkwa) Doron, Parot na Del Miglio, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2001)

Sound: [asụsụ] usoro sistemụ: dochie ụda dara ogbi ya na ụda kwekọrọ. Ihe atụ: “bane” maka “achịcha” (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology).

Mkpa ule ahụ [ọgụgụ]: ​​ikike nke nnwale iji mata isiokwu ndị na-enweghị otu njirimara (ezigbo echiche), dịka ọmụmaatụ enweghị dementia. N’aka ozo, obu ogugu ihe ndi diri n’ule ka odi nma ma atule atule nke ndi n’enweghi ya; na-ewere ihe atụ nke dementia ọzọ, nkọwapụta bụ nha ndị isi ahụike (na-enweghị dementia) na nnwale akọwapụtara, atụnyere mkpokọta ndị nwere ahụike.
Ọ bụrụ na anyị kpọrọ S nkọwa, ọnụọgụ nke amamabaghị nke ọma site na nnwale (ezi echiche) na B ọnụọgụ nke ezigbo amataghị site na nnwale (nsonaazụ ụgha), mgbe ahụ enwere ike ịkọwapụta dị ka S = A / (A + B) .

stereo: [akparamaagwa] ugboro ugboro ugboro ugboro na otu ma ọ bụ karịa omume. Ha nwere ike ịbụ ụdị dị iche iche: moto, na mkparịta ụka edere ma ọ bụ ekwuru, egwuregwu, ihe osise, wdg. (lee kwa Galimberti, New Dictionary of Psychology, 2018).

Ịkwụsị: [asụsụ] dochie nke ekwentị na-aga n’ihu na nke na-anaghị aga n’ihu (ex: dal per giallo) (cf. isiokwu anyị na Phonetics na Phonology).

subitizing: ikike [neuropsychology] iji ọsọ mara ọfụma ịmata ọdịiche dị obere ihe (Kaufman et al., Discriminationkpa oke nke nọmba a na-ahụ anya, 1949).

Sulcus glottidis: mmerụ ahụ sitere na mucosa nke mucosa nke ụda olu nke na-ekepụta akwa nke na-abanye n'ime ohere Reinke. Ekwenyere na ọ bụ n'ihi oghere nke oghere plọgị na mmalite afọ nke ndụ (cf. Albera na Rossi, Otolaryngology, 2018: 251).

T

Ọgụgụ Mmakọ nke Multimedia mmụta ma ọ bụ CTAN: Usoro mmụta [mmụta] nke na-ebu ụzọ mara ịdị adị nke ụzọ mmụta abụọ, otu visual na otu nyocha, nke ọ bụla nwere ikike pere mpe (ihe 3 ma ọ bụ 4 n'otu oge). Enwere ike hazie ozi ndị ọzọ dị iche iche, yabụ mụta ihe, ma ọ bụrụ na e kewara ya na ọwa abụọ (visual na nnyocha) kama na ọwa otu (dịka ọmụmaatụ, ederede ederede na onyonyo); a na-akpọ nke a mmetụta mode.
Ọ bụrụ n’aka nke ọzọ, anyị na-ewepụta otu ozi ahụ n’otu ụzọ na ọtụtụ ọwa (visual na auditory) kama otu (dịka ọmụmaatụ, auditory), echiche a na-ebu amụma banyere nbibi nke arụmọrụ jikọtara ya na ibu ọrụ na ebe nchekwa; Nke a ka a na-akpọ nsụkọ ọrụ (leekwa ya anya) Mayer na Fiorella, cipleskpụrụ maka Mbelata Nhazi Nhazi na Mmụta Multimedia: Nnọkọ ọnụ, saịnye, ịkwụghachi ụgwọ, Spkpụrụ Ọnọdụ, na pokpụrụ Ọnọdụ Ọnọdụ, 2014)

Token Economy (Token Reinforcement Sistem): [akparamaagwa, akparamaagwa] akuko uche uche nke mejuputara “nkwekorita” n’etiti isiokwu na nne na nna ya ma obu onye nkuzi ya, site na ya bu iwu esite n’aka; ewee nye ihe atụ (ma ọ bụ akaebe) maka omume ọ bụla ziri ezi nke iwu ndị a chọrọ, ebe a ga-ewepụ ihe ngosi ọ bụla ma ọ bụ na agaghị enye ya n'ọnọdụ mmebi nke otu ahụ. Mgbe ha tozuru ọnụ ọgụgụ ihe akara aka tupu oge eruo, a ga-atụgharị ha na ego etinyere na mbụ (lee kwa Ime ihe ike na Spagnoletti, attmụaka na-eche nche na Hyperactive: Ọzụzụ nne na nna, 2013).

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ndaba: [psychometry] ogo nke otu akụrụngwa (nnwale) na-egosipụta ngbanwe nke mmasị. Ọ bụ ihe mejupụtara ya bụ izizi ọdịnaya, ike ntozu na njikwa ike (hụ kwa) Statistics for Behavioral Sciences, Welkowitz, Cohen na Ewen, 2009).

Uru amụma amụma ya: [ihe onodu ogugu] nke puru ime ule iji tuta izuka nke ihe edeputara dika -abụghị inwe njirimara (ezi echiche) gbasara ngụkọta nke ndị na - emebi otu njirimara ahụ (ezigbo echiche + ezi echiche ụgha). Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọ bụrụ na anyị nọ n'ihu nnwale iji chọpụta isiokwu nke aphasic, uru amụma na-adịghị mma ga-abụ rashọn n’etiti isiokwu dị mma nke nnwale ahụ gosipụtara ma e jiri ya tụnyere ngụkọta nke ahụike gbakwunyere aphasics na-adịghị mma na nnwale ahụ (ezigbo ahụike + aphasic) adabaghị nke ọma.
Ọ bụrụ na anyị na-akpọ VPN ihe na-adịghị mma nke na-ebu amụma, ngụkọta nke isiokwu amamịghe mara nke ọma yana ngụkọta nke ihe ntụpọ na-ezighi ezi dị ka aphasic mgbe ahụ anyị nwere ike igosipụta uru amụma adịghị mma dị ka ndị a: VPN = A / (A + B).

Ezi uru amụma amụma: [onu ogugu enwere ugbua) ihe puru omume ule iji tuta izu nke isiokwu doro anya dika ndi nwere njiri mara (ezi ihe) na ngbako ndi ahu diri ezigbo agwa. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, ọ bụrụ na anyị nọ n'ihu nnwale iji chọpụta isiokwu nke aphasic, uru dị mma ga-abụ uru dị n'etiti aphasics nke nnwale ahụ gosipụtara ma e jiri ya tụnyere ngụkọta nke aphasics na ndị na-abụghị aphasics nke dị mma maka nnwale ahụ (ezigbo aphasics na ahụike ahụike chọpụtara emehie dị ka aphasic).
Ọ bụrụ na anyị na-akpọ VPP ihe dị mma nke na-ebu amụma, ngụkọta nke ntụpọ nke aphasic n'ụzọ ziri ezi yana ngụkọta nke ihe ọmụmụ ahụike na-achọpụta n'ụzọ na-ezighi ezi dị ka aphasic mgbe ahụ anyị nwere ike igosipụta uru amụma dị mma dị ka ndị a: VPP = A / (A + B).

Etu ahia efu (usoro iji atụlata mbelata): Usoro ncheta [neuropsychology] lekwasịrị anya na mbelata nke usoro ndị mmadụ banyere ozi a ga-echeta, mgbe usoro mmụta nke otu (leekwa ya anya. Glisky, Schacter na Tulving, Mmụta na njigide okwu okwu metụtara kọmputa na ndị ọrịa nwere oke ncheta: Metzọ nke mpịachi efu, 1986).

ndịiche: [ọnụ ọgụgụ] nke mgbanwe nke parameter nke ihe ha na-ekwu; na -ele ole uru ụkpụrụ ndị a na-agbaghari n'ụzọ ọsọ ọsọ site na usoro ọmụmụ (lee kwa Ime ihe ike na Spagnoletti, attmụaka na-eche nche na Hyperactive: Ọzụzụ nne na nna, 2013).

vergeture: olu nke olu n’adighi eriri nke eriri olu na nnabata mucosa na akuko olu (cf. Albera na Rossi, Otolaryngology, 2018: 251)

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